This article will focus on tests. Moreover, this is a sub-article of the main E-commerce implementation and the below links provide access to the main article and sub-articles.

Software testing can be stated as the process of verifying and validating that software or application is bug-free, meets the technical requirements as guided by its design and development and meets the user requirements effectively and efficiently with handling all the exceptional and boundary cases.

Furthermore, the process of software testing aims not only at finding faults in the existing software but also at finding measures to improve the software in terms of efficiency, accuracy, and usability. Moreover, It mainly aims at measuring the specification, functionality, and performance of a software program or application.

This report will discuss the types of software tests and the importance of testing.

User tests

User testing is a great way to discover problems with your website or app. Moreover, to increase empathy with your users. Hence, the main types of tests are mention below. 

Moderated Usability Testing 

With moderated usability testing, a real person will be there to help facilitate (i.e., moderate) the test. Furthermore, the moderator will work directly with the test participants. Moreover, the moderator will guide them through the study and will be there to help guide and answer questions if the participant encounters any challenges while completing their tasks.

What’s great about moderated studies is that they can be conducted either remotely or in-person. Furthermore, one of the major challenges with moderated testing, however, is that it can require a bit more planning upfront since you’ll need to coordinate schedules with participants. Besides, it usually requires a designated, quiet location, where you can interact with your participant, free of interruptions.

Unmoderated Usability Testing

Unmoderated usability testing is just like it sounds. Moreover, It’s not monitored or guided. Therefore, no one else present during the study except the participant. Most importantly, the participant completes any tasks and answers questions at their own pace, on their own time, at the time and location of their choosing. Pretty nice, right? Besides, Unmoderated testing tends to be faster as participants can complete their tests at any time without any disruption to your daily workflow.

Finally, we’ve established the differences between the two let’s dive into how and when to best apply each strategy based on your research needs.

Security tests

The goal of security testing is to identify the threats in the system and measure its potential vulnerabilities. Therefore, the system does not stop functioning or is exploited. Moreover, it also helps in detecting all possible security risks in the system and help developers in fixing these problems through coding.

Types of Security Testing

Mainly, there are seven main types of security testing as per the Open Source Security Testing methodology manual. They are explained as follows:

  • Vulnerability Scanning: This is done through automated software to scan a system against known vulnerability signatures.
  • Security Scanning: First of all, it involves identifying network and system weaknesses, and later provides solutions for reducing these risks. Moreover, this scanning can be performed for both Manual and Automated scanning.
  • Penetration testing: Firstly, this kind of testing simulates an attack from a malicious hacker. Besides, this testing involves the analysis of a particular system to check for potential vulnerabilities to external hacking attempts.
  • Risk Assessment: This testing involves an analysis of security risks observed in the organization. Furthermore, risks are classified as  Low, Medium and High. Moreover, this testing recommends controls and measures to reduce the risk.
  • Security Auditing: This is an internal inspection of Applications and Operating systems for security flaws. Furthermore, an audit can also be done via line by line inspection of the code.
  • Ethical hacking: It’s hacking an Organization Software system. Unlike malicious hackers, who steal for their own gains, the intent is to expose security flaws in the system.
  • Posture Assessment: This combines Security scanning and Ethical Hacking. Moreover, risk Assessments to show an overall security posture of an organization.

Recovery Tests

In Software Engineering, Recoverability Testing is a type of Non- Functional Testing. Furthermore, this testing refers to aspects of the software that may not be related to a specific function or user action such as scalability or security.

The time taken to recover depends upon:

  • Firstly, the number of restart points
  • Secondly, the volume of the applications.
  • Finally, the training and skills of people conducting recovery activities and tools available for recovery.

Integration Tests

Generally, a typical software project consists of multiple software modules, coded by different programs. Therefore, integration testing focuses on checking data communication amongst these modules.

The Reason to Conduct Integration Tests

  • A Module, in general, is designed by an individual software developer whose understanding and programming logic may differ from other programmers. Hence, Integration Testing becomes necessary to verify the software modules work in unity. 
  • At the time of module development, there are wide chances of change in requirements by the clients. Moreover, these new requirements may not be unit tested and hence system integration Testing becomes necessary.
  • Interfaces of the software modules with the database could be erroneous.
  • External Hardware interfaces, if any, could be erroneous. 
  • Inadequate exception handling could cause issues.

Efficiency  Test

The word efficiency means the “competence” or productive use of resources.” Here, the efficiency testing tests the number of test cases performed by the unit of time (per hour or person a day). Moreover, this test is to test the measure of code and testing assets necessary by a system to accomplish a particular function.

Acceptance Test

Mainly, acceptance testing is a technique performed to determine whether or not the software system has met the required specifications. Furthermore, the main purpose of this test is to evaluate the system’s compliance with the business requirements and also verify if it has met the required criteria for delivery to end-users.

Types of Acceptance tests mentioned below:

User Acceptance Testing

Generally, companies who suffered significant losses due to post-release issues know why it’s important to conduct a proper user acceptance test. Furthermore, the cost of fixing defects after a product released on the market is much higher than fixing it before. Unlike many other types of testing, UAT isn’t performed by professional testers. Moreover, the product’s end-users are people who take part in this activity.

Business Acceptance Testing

Generally, the overall purpose of Business Acceptance Testing (BAT) is to validate the software against business needs. Moreover, BAT is conducted to verify whether the system can support day to day business and user scenarios to data correctness, various workflows, validate rules and overall fit for use and ensure whether the system fits business requirements.

Alpha Testing

Generally, alpha testing is used to identify all possible issues/bugs before releasing the product to everyday users or the public. And also the focus of this testing is to simulate real users by using a black box and white box techniques. Moreover, the aim is to carry out the tasks that a typical user might perform. Alpha testing is conducted in a lab environment. Furthermore, the testers are internal employees of the organization. To put it as simple as possible, this kind of testing is called alpha only because it is done early on, near the end of the development of the software, and before beta testing.

Beta Testing

Beta Testing of a product is performed by “real users” of the software application in a “real environment” and can be considered as a form of external User Acceptance Testing. Moreover, the beta version of the software release to a limited number of end-users of the product to obtain feedback on the product quality. Furthermore, beta testing reduces product failure risks and provides increased quality of the product through customer validation. Hence, it is the final test before shipping a product to the customers. Direct feedback from customers is a major advantage of Beta Testing. Therefore, this testing helps to test the product in the customer’s environment.

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